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Open Access Ethiek is politiek

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Abstract

In Western collective memory, male and female homosexual activism has been considered a product of the 1960s. Although most sociohistorical literature on the homosexual movement in Western Europe and the United States shows homosexual activism existed before, it narrates the history of the movement in a linear way. According to this linear narrative, the Western homosexual movement started in the first post-war decade as an accommodationist, cautious movement that used a strategy of respectability. In the late 1960s, it changed into a radical, political, and visible liberation movement. The history of the Dutch homosexual movement has been described in the same manner: the C.O.C. in the immediate post-war period has been portrayed mainly as a shelter for homosexuals. Likewise, scholars characterised the strategy of the C.O.C.-activists as a cautious plea for pity. A historicising, contextualising approach, which looks at the C.O.C. in the immediate postwar period independently from its later form the period after, reveals a different image of the C.O.C. Instead of as a shelter, the C.O.C. appears in the first post-war decade as a social movement that aimed to change society by deploying and extending the cultural template available for organisations concerned with sexuality.
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Keywords: 1950s; C.O.C; history of homosexuality; homosexual movement; mental health movement; organised humanism; politics; sexual reform movement; sexuality

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Elise van Alphen is AIO aan de Universiteit voor Humanistiek, waar ze een promotieonderzoek verricht naar de politieke betekenissen van het persoonlijk leven in naoorlogs Nederland (1945-1980) aan de hand van de homoseksuele en humanistische beweging. Daarnaast werkt ze als freelance (kwalitatief en historisch) onderzoeker, tekstschrijver, redacteur en adviseur op onder meer het gebied van gender gelijkheid en LHBT-emancipatie. E-mail:, Email: E-mail: [email protected]

Publication date: June 1, 2015

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  • Het Tijdschrift voor Genderstudies is het forum voor de wetenschappelijke problematisering van sekse in relatie tot andere vormen van discriminatie en uitsluiting zoals etniciteit, seksualiteit, klasse of leeftijd. Er worden artikelen in gepubliceerd over gendervraagstukken vanuit alle relevante disciplines die een wetenschappelijke bijdrage leveren aan debatten over gender en intersectionaliteit in Nederland en Vlaanderen. Het tijdschrift is een interdisciplinair medium op het kruispunt van maatschappij-, cultuur-, geestes-, gezondheids- en natuurwetenschappen. Het verschijnt vier keer per jaar en biedt wetenschappelijke artikelen en daarnaast ook interviews, boekrecensies, discussiedossiers en opiniërende artikelen in het Nederlands en Engels. Artikelen worden dubbelblind beoordeeld door externe deskundigen.

    The Tijdschrift voor Genderstudies (Journal of Gender Studies) is a Dutch language forum for the scientific problematisation of gender in relation to ethnicity, sexuality, class, and age. The journal aims to contribute to debates about gender and diversity in the Netherlands and Flanders. The journal is an interdisciplinary medium operating at the intersection of society, culture, the humanities, health and science. The editorial staff is open to articles about gender issues from different disciplines, and also accepts English articles. As well as publishing articles, the journal includes essays, columns (short topical and polemical articles), interviews, reviews, summaries of dissertations and conference reports. Articles are subjected to a double blind peer review process.
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