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Open Access Positief en negatief sociaal kapitaal van mbo-jongeren: sociale ongelijkheid naar opleidingsniveau?

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The empirical literature on social capital has repeatedly focused on positive social connections and the resources that accrue from them. Nevertheless, social capital theory indicates that social networks may also consist of negative ties and negative resources. This exploratory study among Vocational Education and Training (VET) students confirms the existence of negative social capital; it further demonstrates a relationship between negative and positive social capital. While we find few significant differences in positive and negative forms of social capital across educational levels, the results clearly show that low-educated vocational students are more vulnerable than medium-educated vocational students. This increased vulnerability originates from the combination of higher levels of negative social capital and lower levels of positive social capital among low-educated students. Our results suggest social inequality is not just a product of unequal access to positive social capital. Rather, there appears to be a vulnerable group of youth who experiences not only less social capital, but also more negative network aspects. Taken together, this could signal further labour market disadvantages and prospects of increasing social inequality.
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Keywords: lageropgeleide jongeren; sociaal kapitaal; sociale ondermijning; sociale ongelijkheid; sociale steun

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 2015

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  • Sociologie publiceert over actuele maatschappelijke vraagstukken en sociologisch-theoretische onderwerpen. De artikelen en essays zijn interessant voor een breed, interdisciplinair publiek. Naast onderzoeksartikelen, onderzoeksnotities en boekbesprekingen biedt Sociologie met de rubrieken Debat en Inspiratie een podium voor gedachtewisseling en sociologische verbeelding. Sociologie is het resultaat van het samengaan van de gerenommeerde tijdschriften Sociologische Gids en Amsterdams Sociologisch Tijdschrift en bestrijkt een breed terrein van de sociologiebeoefening in Nederland.

    Sociology (Sociologie) publishes articles on current social issues and sociological-theoretical subjects. The articles and essays are interesting for a wide interdisciplinary audience. In addition to research articles, research notes and book reviews Sociology provides a platform for exchange of views with the sections Debate and Inspiration. Sociology is the result of the merging of the prestigious journals Sociologische Gids and Amsterdams Sociologisch Tijdschrift and covers a wide field of sociology in the Netherlands.

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