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Open Access Twee moeders, twee vaders of een vader en een moeder

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A population-based comparison of female and male same-sex parent and different-sex parent households

This investigation compared Dutch same-sex parent (both female same-sex and male same-sex) and different-sex parent households on children’s psychological well-being, parenting stress, and support in child rearing. It was also assessed whether associations among children’s well-being, parenting stress, and support in child rearing were different in the two household types. Data were based on a nationally representative survey. Matching was used to enhance similarity in background characteristics between both types of families, resulting in an analytic sample of 190 households (43 female same-sex parent, 52 male same-sex parent, and 95 different-sex parent households) with offspring between 5-18 years old. On children’s well-being, problems in the parent-child relationship, being worried about the child, or the use of formal and informal support, no significant differences were found between mothers in same-sex and different-sex parent households or for fathers in same-sex and different-sex parent households. Regarding one aspect of parenting stress, namely problems in rearing the child, fathers in same-sex parent households and mothers in different-sex parent households reported more problems than their counterparts (fathers and mothers in different-sex families). Neither the associations between children’s well-being and the predictors (parenting stress variables), nor those between support and the predictors (parenting stress and children’s well-being), differed along household type. The no differences that were found in this population-based study on child outcomes regardless of household type confirms the results of prior investigations based on convenience samples. These findings are relevant to family therapists, practitioners, court officials, and policymakers who seek information on gender diversity, parenting experiences and child outcomes in same-sex parent families.
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Keywords: children’s well-being; parenting stress; same-sex parenting; support in child rearing

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2018

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  • Het tijdschrift Pedagogiek stelt zich ten doel de wetenschappelijke discussie over opvoeding, onderwijs en vorming binnen het Nederlands taalgebied (Nederland en Vlaanderen) te stimuleren en te ondersteunen. Pedagogiek beoogt naast een bijdrage aan het wetenschappelijke debat ook de maatschappelijke discussie op de terreinen van opvoeding, onderwijs en vorming te bevorderen. Bijdragen zullen dan ook uitdrukkelijk worden beoordeeld op zowel hun wetenschappelijke als maatschappelijke relevantie. Pedagogiek biedt: (1) wetenschappelijke verslagen van empirisch, theoretisch en historisch onderzoek op het gebied van opvoeding, onderwijs en vorming, alsmede review studies op onderhavige terreinen; (2) opiniërende bijdragen van wetenschappelijk niveau (Forumbijdragen); (3) boekbesprekingen.

    The journal Pedagogiek (Pedagogy) aims to stimulate and support the scholarly discourse on child rearing, education and training within the Dutch language area (The Netherlands and the Flemish region). Pedagogiek strives to contribute to the scholarly debate, but also desires to boost the public debate on the subject of child rearing, education and training. Therefore, contributions will be judged explicitly on both their scholarly merit and their social relevance. Pedagogiek offers: (1) scholarly articles reporting on empirical, theoretical and historical research in the field of child rearing, education and training, and review studies in the same field; (2) opinion pieces on a scholarly level (panel discussions); (3) book reviews.

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