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Open Access Longitudinale effecten van persoonlijkheidskenmerken van ouders en kinderen op opvoedgedrag

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Longitudinal effects of parental and child personality characteristics on parenting1

This study examined which parent and adolescent Big Five characteristics were related to parenting. Mothers (N = 467) and fathers (N = 428) reported on their personality using the Five Factor Personality Inventory, adolescents (N = 475) assessed their personality with the Hierarchical Personality Inventory for Children. Two types of parenting, overreactive discipline and warmth, were assessed two years later by parent self-reports, partner-reports and adolescent-reports, from which multi-informant factors were created. Results indicate that parental personality was more relevant for predicting overreactivity, and parent and adolescent personality were similarly relevant for predicting warmth. Associations were mostly similar for mothers and fathers of daughters and sons. Particularly parent and adolescent agreeableness, parent emotional stability, and adolescent extraversion were important predictors for both parenting behaviors. This knowledge about the individual characteristics that explain why parents parent the way they do can help the development of effective, individualized parenting interventions.
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Keywords: adolescence; gender; multi-informant; parenting behavior; personality characteristics

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Amarantha de Haan werkt als universitair docent bij het Department of Psychology, Education & Child Studies, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Correspondentieadres:, Email: [email protected] 2: Peter Prinzie is hoogleraar Orthopedagogiek i.h.b. diversiteit in opvoeding: determinanten en ontwikkelingsuitkomsten, bij het Department of Psychology, Education & Child Studies, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. 3: Maja Deković is hoogleraar Orthopedagogiek aan de Universiteit Utrecht.

Publication date: November 1, 2016

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  • Het tijdschrift Pedagogiek stelt zich ten doel de wetenschappelijke discussie over opvoeding, onderwijs en vorming binnen het Nederlands taalgebied (Nederland en Vlaanderen) te stimuleren en te ondersteunen. Pedagogiek beoogt naast een bijdrage aan het wetenschappelijke debat ook de maatschappelijke discussie op de terreinen van opvoeding, onderwijs en vorming te bevorderen. Bijdragen zullen dan ook uitdrukkelijk worden beoordeeld op zowel hun wetenschappelijke als maatschappelijke relevantie. Pedagogiek biedt: (1) wetenschappelijke verslagen van empirisch, theoretisch en historisch onderzoek op het gebied van opvoeding, onderwijs en vorming, alsmede review studies op onderhavige terreinen; (2) opiniërende bijdragen van wetenschappelijk niveau (Forumbijdragen); (3) boekbesprekingen.

    The journal Pedagogiek (Pedagogy) aims to stimulate and support the scholarly discourse on child rearing, education and training within the Dutch language area (The Netherlands and the Flemish region). Pedagogiek strives to contribute to the scholarly debate, but also desires to boost the public debate on the subject of child rearing, education and training. Therefore, contributions will be judged explicitly on both their scholarly merit and their social relevance. Pedagogiek offers: (1) scholarly articles reporting on empirical, theoretical and historical research in the field of child rearing, education and training, and review studies in the same field; (2) opinion pieces on a scholarly level (panel discussions); (3) book reviews.

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