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Vakmanschap op de arbeidsmarkt

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In this article we examine the labor market outcome of different types of craftsmen. Do vocationally educated craftsmen have a smoother school-to-work transition than graduates with general skills? We analyze this question using Dutch Labor Force Surveys from 1996 to 2012. We find that craftsmen who have a very specialized educational degree are less likely to be unemployed at the start of their careers. However, those with a broader educational degree are more likely to find a job with a higher job status than graduates with a specialized degree. According to the literature, craftsmen with a specialized education are likely to have difficulties later in their career: their specific skills become obsolete while those with a broader education are likely to be able to be more mobile in the labor market. We find no support for this when we analyze unemployment. Craftsmen with a small education remain at least as likely to be employed as craftsmen with a broader education. However, for job status we find more support for this hypothesis. The gap in job status between craftsmen with a small and broad education widens over the life course.
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Keywords: craftsmanship; labor market; segregation indices; vocational education

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: November 1, 2017

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  • Mens & Maatschappij, opgericht in 1925, stelt zich ten doel sociaalwetenschappelijke kennis te verspreiden die relevant is voor de Nederlandse samenleving. Hiertoe publiceert M&M oorspronkelijke, Nederlandstalige artikelen van auteurs uit alle sociale wetenschappen, ongeacht richting of stroming. M&M kenmerkt zich door: een breed palet aan thema's, representatief voor het hele onderzoeksgebied van de sociale wetenschappen; artikelen waarin de confrontatie wordt gezocht tussen sociaalwetenschappelijke theorie en empirisch onderzoek; een grondige en opbouwende reviewprocedure met oog voor wetenschappelijke kwaliteit en beleidsrelevantie. Behalve reguliere nummers publiceert M&M ieder jaar een themanummer waarin specialisten op uitnodiging van de redactie schrijven over een actueel thema.

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