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Wederkerige causale relaties tussen financieel succes, (in)formeel sociaal contact en algemeen vertrouwen in Nederland

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Reciprocal causal relationships between financial success, (in)formal social contact and generalized trust in the Netherlands: Findings from cross-lagged panel models

To keep functioning, society increasingly relies on generalized trust ‐ that is, the belief that others in general will act in one’s interest. Theory states that life experiences, such as financial success and the formation of (in)formal social contact, can influence generalized trust through various processes. Likewise, trust is expected to influence financial success and social contact. This contribution uses panel data to go beyond the methodological limitations of former studies in order to provide better empirical evidence of the extent to which causal relationships exist between generalized trust and indicators of financial success and social contact and if they do exist, to what extent they are reciprocal. Using data from the Dutch NELLS panel study, two-wave cross-lagged panel models are estimated to disentangle causal relationships. Results show that for various indicators of financial success and formal social contacts, compelling empirical evidence is found for reciprocal causal relationships with generalized trust. Rather unexpectedly, informal social contacts seemed to decrease generalized trust, while the reverse causal pathway was absent.
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Keywords: cross-lagged panel models; financial success; generalized trust; reciprocal relationships; social contact

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: November 1, 2017

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  • Mens & Maatschappij, opgericht in 1925, stelt zich ten doel sociaalwetenschappelijke kennis te verspreiden die relevant is voor de Nederlandse samenleving. Hiertoe publiceert M&M oorspronkelijke, Nederlandstalige artikelen van auteurs uit alle sociale wetenschappen, ongeacht richting of stroming. M&M kenmerkt zich door: een breed palet aan thema's, representatief voor het hele onderzoeksgebied van de sociale wetenschappen; artikelen waarin de confrontatie wordt gezocht tussen sociaalwetenschappelijke theorie en empirisch onderzoek; een grondige en opbouwende reviewprocedure met oog voor wetenschappelijke kwaliteit en beleidsrelevantie. Behalve reguliere nummers publiceert M&M ieder jaar een themanummer waarin specialisten op uitnodiging van de redactie schrijven over een actueel thema.

    Mens & Maatschappij, founded in 1925, publishes the latest research in the social sciences relevant to Dutch society. To this end M&M publishes original articles in the Dutch language of authors from all social sciences, irrespective of approach. M&M can be characterized by: its broad range of topics, representative for the whole research domain of the social sciences; articles that confront theory with empirical research; a thorough and constructive review process with an eye for scholarly quality and relevance for policy. M&M publishes four issues a year, including a once-yearly special issue in which specialists write extensively about a topical theme, on the invitation of the editorial board.
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