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Open Access Onderwijsdifferentiatie en leerlingproblemen in Nederland, 1916-2015

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Educational differentiation and student problems in the Netherlands, 1916-2015: Review of problem analyses, research, and effects of policy measures

This review concentrates on problem analyses and research concerning educational differentiation and student problems carried out in the Netherlands between 1916 and 2015. The goal is to examine systemic educational causes of student achievement and motivation problems, to evaluate educational proposals to reduce these problems, and to check the effects of measures to reduce the problems in school practice. Results demonstrate the existence of four categories of educational differentiation and student problems: 1) age-based differentiation and systemic measures to reduce student problems; 2) age-based differentiation and non-systemic measures to reduce student problems; 3) special education for students with specific educational needs; 4) individualized education in specific schools. Review outcomes indicate a lack of permanent problem reduction in the first three categories in particular. It is suggested to systemically develop ‘Optimal Education’ for each student.
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Keywords: 1916-2015; age-based classes; analytic review; educational differentiation; student achievement and motivation problems; student selection

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Prof. dr. Ton Mooij (1948) is tot medio 2016 bijzonder hoogleraar aan de Open Universiteit Nederland (Welten Instituut). Tevens is hij voormalig sectorhoofd en senior onderzoeker aan de Radboud Universiteit (Instituut voor Toegepaste Sociale wetenschappen). ; [email protected]; [email protected], Email: [email protected]

Publication date: August 1, 2016

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  • Mens & Maatschappij, opgericht in 1925, stelt zich ten doel sociaalwetenschappelijke kennis te verspreiden die relevant is voor de Nederlandse samenleving. Hiertoe publiceert M&M oorspronkelijke, Nederlandstalige artikelen van auteurs uit alle sociale wetenschappen, ongeacht richting of stroming. M&M kenmerkt zich door: een breed palet aan thema's, representatief voor het hele onderzoeksgebied van de sociale wetenschappen; artikelen waarin de confrontatie wordt gezocht tussen sociaalwetenschappelijke theorie en empirisch onderzoek; een grondige en opbouwende reviewprocedure met oog voor wetenschappelijke kwaliteit en beleidsrelevantie. Behalve reguliere nummers publiceert M&M ieder jaar een themanummer waarin specialisten op uitnodiging van de redactie schrijven over een actueel thema.

    Mens & Maatschappij, founded in 1925, publishes the latest research in the social sciences relevant to Dutch society. To this end M&M publishes original articles in the Dutch language of authors from all social sciences, irrespective of approach. M&M can be characterized by: its broad range of topics, representative for the whole research domain of the social sciences; articles that confront theory with empirical research; a thorough and constructive review process with an eye for scholarly quality and relevance for policy. M&M publishes four issues a year, including a once-yearly special issue in which specialists write extensively about a topical theme, on the invitation of the editorial board.
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