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Open Access Reactiekeuzes van politieambtenaren en de kans op geweldsincidenten

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Response decisions of police officers and their risk of violent incidents

There is a high rate of victimization of violence among police officers. Some police officers are more often victimized than others. Studies on correlates of victimization among police officers mainly focus on situational and social demographic aspects and have only been able to explain the variation in victimization to a limited amount. Very few studies were found on the role of psychological characteristics of the police officers in the explanation of different victimization risks. This study explores if response decision, a concept of the Social Information Processing model of Crick and Dodge (1994), is useful in explaining differences in victimization among police officers. Police officers (N = 815) from five police forces in the Netherlands completed a digital questionnaire based on the Social Information Processing Interview (SIP-I). Results show that victimization of verbal violence, threats and physical violence was associated with the response decision of police officers. More specifically, police officers with more negative outcome expectancies of aggressive or assertive responses were more likely to experience victimization. Police officers, who select aggressive, instead of passive or assertive responses, were more likely to experience victimization.
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Keywords: police; response decision; social information processing; victimization

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Sectie Criminologie, Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam., Email: [email protected] 2: Sectie Criminologie, Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam 3: Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie, Rechtsgeleerdheid, Universiteit Leiden

Publication date: April 1, 2014

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  • Mens & Maatschappij, opgericht in 1925, stelt zich ten doel sociaalwetenschappelijke kennis te verspreiden die relevant is voor de Nederlandse samenleving. Hiertoe publiceert M&M oorspronkelijke, Nederlandstalige artikelen van auteurs uit alle sociale wetenschappen, ongeacht richting of stroming. M&M kenmerkt zich door: een breed palet aan thema's, representatief voor het hele onderzoeksgebied van de sociale wetenschappen; artikelen waarin de confrontatie wordt gezocht tussen sociaalwetenschappelijke theorie en empirisch onderzoek; een grondige en opbouwende reviewprocedure met oog voor wetenschappelijke kwaliteit en beleidsrelevantie. Behalve reguliere nummers publiceert M&M ieder jaar een themanummer waarin specialisten op uitnodiging van de redactie schrijven over een actueel thema.

    Mens & Maatschappij, founded in 1925, publishes the latest research in the social sciences relevant to Dutch society. To this end M&M publishes original articles in the Dutch language of authors from all social sciences, irrespective of approach. M&M can be characterized by: its broad range of topics, representative for the whole research domain of the social sciences; articles that confront theory with empirical research; a thorough and constructive review process with an eye for scholarly quality and relevance for policy. M&M publishes four issues a year, including a once-yearly special issue in which specialists write extensively about a topical theme, on the invitation of the editorial board.
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