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Open Access ‘Een taal die door de hand des beuls met een brande toorts verdiende beantwoord te worden’

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Abstract

The Dutch press at the end of the 18th century played a crucial role in the political changes in the Netherlands. At that time, the society was divided into two oppositional groups, namely the patriots and the orangists. Their leaders made use of numerous journals to present their vision about the future of the state. One of those journals, called De Politieke Kruyer (1782-1787), combined the idea of freedom with detailed plans, which consisted of several changes in the relation between the government and the society. One of the key term of the articles written by Jan Hespe, the editor of the journal, was the freedom of the press. Hespe criticized the censorship of the Orange House and used therefore many rhetorical devices and figures, based on the classical rules of Quintilians ars retorica. In my article, I analyse how Hespes texts relate to the ars retorica; what kind of rhetorical devices the editor of De Politieke Kruyer used to attract his readers and to convince them to his vision of the free Dutch Republic.
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Keywords: enlightenment; freedom of the press; orangists; patriots; political struggle; press; rhetoric

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 1, 2018

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  • Internationale Neerlandistiek is het wetenschappelijke tijdschrift van de Internationale Vereniging voor Neerlandistiek. Het Nederlandstalige tijdschrift bevordert de dialoog tussen alle wetenschappers die werkzaam zijn op het gebied van de internationale neerlandistiek. Internationale Neerlandistiek richt zich op de Nederlandse (en Zuid-Afrikaanse) taal- en letterkunde in ruime zin, en heeft daarnaast aandacht voor interculturele aspecten van deze subdisciplines, communicatiewetenschap, didactiek en nieuwe technologie in de vakbeoefening, het verloop van canoniseringsprocessen, vertalen, culturele studies en voor de cultuur van de Lage Landen. Het tijdschrift heeft qua vraagstelling, methode en object een internationaal vergelijkende, en qua auteurs, lezers en verspreiding een internationale dimensie.

    Internationale Neerlandistiek is the scholarly journal of the International Association for Neerlandistiek. Internationale Neerlandistiek is a Dutch language, peer-reviewed journal with an international focus. The journal aims to improve the discussion in international Dutch (including South-African) linguistics and literature, in the broadest sense, including intercultural aspects of subdisciplines, communication studies, translation, cultural studies and the culture of the Low Countries in general.

    The journal is published in Open Access, with the following Creative Commons copyright license: Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).

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