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Development of a Highly Sensitive and Selective Optical Chemical Sensor for the Determination of Zinc Based on Fluorescence Quenching of a Novel Schiff Base Ligand

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A sensitive new optical sensor for Zn2+ is described. This optode is based on a novel Schiff base ligand, 2-(2-hydroxy-5-chloro)benzaldehyde-[4-(3-methyl-3-mesitylcyclobutyl)-1,3-thiazol-2yl]hydrazone, in plasticized polyvinyl chloride membrane. This sensing membrane is capable of determining Zn2+ with a high sensitivity and selectivity over a wide dynamic range between 5.0 × 10−7 to 1.0 × 10−4 mol L−1 at pH 6.0 with a lower detection limit of 2.2 × 10−7 mol L−1 (14.4 g L−1. The sensor can readily be regenerated with 1.0 mol L−1 EDTA solution. In addition to high stability, the sensor shows a unique selectivity toward Zn2+ with respect to common metal cations. The sensor was successfully applied for the determination of zinc real samples. The results obtained for the determination of zinc ions in hair samples using the proposed method was found to be comparable with the well-established flame atomic absorption method.
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Keywords: FLUORESCENCE SPECTROSCOPY; OPTICAL SENSOR; PVC MATRIX; SCHIFF BASE; ZINC

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 2010

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