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Development of Self-Microemulsifying Drug Delivery Systems of Poorly Water-Soluble Pazopanib for Improvement of Oral Absorption

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Self-microemulsifying drug delivery systems represent a stable formulation for enhancing the solubility and absorption efficacy of poorly soluble drugs. In this study, a self-microemulsifying drug delivery system (SMEDDS) was designed and applied for oral administration of poorly water-soluble pazopanib, a Biopharmaceutical Classification Class II anticancer drug. The solubility of pazopanib was first evaluated using various oils, surfactants, and co-surfactants. Pseudoternary phase diagrams were plotted to identify the selfemulsifying region and the phase behavior of optimized vehicle selected after screening of oils, surfactants, and co-surfactants. The SMEDDS comprising Capmul MCM NF, Tween 80, and PEG 400 was fabricated for incorporating pazopanib. It exhibited spherical droplets with size of 86.9 ± 0.8 nm and zeta potential value of –14.7 ± 0.1 mV. In vitro dissolution profiles of the SMEDDS were 2.40-fold (pH 4.0) and 6.45-fold (pH 6.8) higher than that of pazopanib powder. In particular, pazopanib-SMEDDS showed pH-independent dissolution profiles. In vivo pharmacokinetic parameters of the SMEDDS revealed enhanced bioavailability of pazopanib, which was 3.32-fold higher than that of pazopanib powder when administered orally. Taken together, the SMEDDS is effective as an oral delivery vehicle for pazopanib. In addition, our findings demonstrate that self-microemulsifying drug delivery systems could be a potential tool for improving bioavailability of other poorly water-soluble drugs.
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Keywords: BIOAVAILABILITY; PAZOPANIB; POORLY WATER-SOLUBLE DRUG; SELF-MICROEMULSIFYING DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEM (SMEDDS)

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2020

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  • Science of Advanced Materials (SAM) is an interdisciplinary peer-reviewed journal consolidating research activities in all aspects of advanced materials in the fields of science, engineering and medicine into a single and unique reference source. SAM provides the means for materials scientists, chemists, physicists, biologists, engineers, ceramicists, metallurgists, theoreticians and technocrats to publish original research articles as reviews with author's photo and short biography, full research articles and communications of important new scientific and technological findings, encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all latest aspects of advanced materials.
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