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Enhanced Bone Regeneration and Bone Defect Repair Using Magnesium/Lithium-Co-Modified, Porous, Hydroxyapatite Composite Scaffolds

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Background: Hydroxyapatite (HA) has been frequently used in clinic, but it is hard to be degraded, and insufficient in osteogenesis and angiogenesis. This study aimed to modify HA by doping magnesium/lithium (Mg/Li) and assess the Mg/LiHA scaffold's bone regeneration and bone defect repair effects. Materials and Methods: The biomaterial was identified using XRD, FTIR and SEM. The porosity, cell mediated degradation behavior and mechanical property were investigated. Meanwhile, cell proliferation and adhesion were also exploited. Finally, osteogenic effect of Mg/LiHA scaffold in vitro, and bone defect repair effect in vivo were researched. Results: The results suggested that low-content of Mg/Li incorporation did not influence on the structure of HA. The cells mediated degradation experiments indicated that Mg/Li doped HA could improve the biological degradation and release the Mg2+ and Li+ sustainedly. The compressive strength of Mg/LiHA scaffolds with 63% porosity reached to 3.9 MPa. Cells proliferation and adhesion experiments demonstrated that Mg/LiHA scaffolds were beneficial to cell growth and attachment. Furthermore, Mg/LiHA scaffolds increased ALP expression, calcium phosphate deposition and VEGF expression in vitro. The bone defect repair in vivo was enhanced by using Mg/LiHA scaffolds. Conclusion: Mg/Li-co-substituted HA could enhance bone regeneration and bone defect repair, and may be recommended to further research on bone defect repair.
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Keywords: BONE DEFECT; BONE REGENERATION; HYDROXYAPATITE; LITHIUM; MAGNESIUM

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2020

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  • Science of Advanced Materials (SAM) is an interdisciplinary peer-reviewed journal consolidating research activities in all aspects of advanced materials in the fields of science, engineering and medicine into a single and unique reference source. SAM provides the means for materials scientists, chemists, physicists, biologists, engineers, ceramicists, metallurgists, theoreticians and technocrats to publish original research articles as reviews with author's photo and short biography, full research articles and communications of important new scientific and technological findings, encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all latest aspects of advanced materials.
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