Cost Effective and Scalable Synthesis of Supported Au Nanoparticles for the Electroreduction of CO2 to CO
Various loadings of gold supported on carbon black (Au/CB) were synthesized via a simple and scalable one-pot process and then tested as catalysts for the electroreduction of CO2 to CO. The bulk and surface properties of the Au/CB materials were characterized using XRD, TGA, XPS, TEM and HRTEM techniques. The synthesized Au nanoparticles are of average diameters ∼10± 2 nm and show a promising selectivity and energy efficiency. The electrochemical performance of some of the studied electrocatalysts (namely Au-40/CB and Au-50/CB) was as high as 93.5% selectivity toward CO over the undesired H2 evolution and specific CO current densities were in excess of– 6 A/cm2 -g (at– 1.4 vs. Ag/AgCl). This study clearly shows that desirable performance for the electroreduction of CO2 to CO is, certainly, achievable with Au/CB catalyst prepared by a low-cost route providing that the Au nanoparticles are suitably sized and deposited with the optimum wt% on the CB support.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: June 1, 2017
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