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Crystallization of Poly(ethylene terephthalate) via Silica Nanoparticles Tethered with Short Diblock PEG-PET Copolymers

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In this research contribution, silica nanoparticles have been synthesized and attached to low-molecular-weight diblock copolymers of polyethylene glycol (MW ≈ 200) and poly(ethylene terephthalate), MW ≈ 3500, hereafter referred to as LPPS. These nanoparticle/block-copolymer hybrid composites (i.e., LPPS) exhibit a core/shell structure and function as nucleating agents for commercial poly(ethylene terephthalate), PET. When PET contains 6 wt% of the hybrid nucleating agent, the temperature at which the maximum rate of PET crystallization occurs upon cooling from the molten state experiences a 27 °C increase, from 192 °C to 219 °C. Furthermore, 6 wt% of this hybrid nucleating agent induces an 80 °C increase in the glass transition temperature of PET, from 72 °C to 152 °C. It is proposed that hybrid nano-crystals of SiO2 with the low-molecular-weight block copolymer most likely function as nucleation sites for PET crystallization, such that the nucleation effect of LPPS on PET induces an increase in both the crystallization temperature and the glass transition temperature. Furthermore, the elastic modulus of PET increases from 1.23 GPa to 1.74 GPa when the LPPS mass fraction is 6 wt%. The advantages of LPPS as a nucleating agent for PET are (i) its effectiveness, (ii) low cost, and (iii) ease of synthesis.
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Keywords: FUNCTIONALIZED SILICA; LOW-MOLECULAR-WEIGHT PET; NUCLEATING AGENT; PEG; PET CRYSTALLIZATION

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 2016

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  • Science of Advanced Materials (SAM) is an interdisciplinary peer-reviewed journal consolidating research activities in all aspects of advanced materials in the fields of science, engineering and medicine into a single and unique reference source. SAM provides the means for materials scientists, chemists, physicists, biologists, engineers, ceramicists, metallurgists, theoreticians and technocrats to publish original research articles as reviews with author's photo and short biography, full research articles and communications of important new scientific and technological findings, encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all latest aspects of advanced materials.
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