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Modeling the Adsorption of CO2/N2 Mixtures on Siliceous Nanoporous Materials

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In this work, the CO2/N2 separation behavior of Silicalite-1 and pure silica MCM-41 adsorbents, synthesized by hydrothermal process starting from different molar gel compositions, was evaluated at several different working pressure values by means of the ideal adsorbed solution theory (IAST). Prior to IAST calculations, CO2 and N2 adsorption isotherms at 293 K were collected for all synthesized materials and successfully fitted using the Freundlich empirical model. It was found that, for a hypothetic application in a PSA/VSA process, the Silicalite-1 type microporous adsorbent with the highest Na content synthesized here allows an easy regeneration (high working capacity) to be achieved, even if the CO2/N2 selectivity is not very high. At the same time, the most ordered among the produced M41S mesoporous materials, obtained using a Na2O/SiO2 molar ratio in the synthesis gel at least equal to 0.15, appear to be very promising adsorbents for CO2 separation because of their very high CO2/N2 selectivity.
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Keywords: ADSORPTION; CO2/N2 SEPARATION; IDEAL ADSORBED SOLUTION THEORY; MESOPOROUS MATERIALS; ZEOLITES

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 1, 2015

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  • Science of Advanced Materials (SAM) is an interdisciplinary peer-reviewed journal consolidating research activities in all aspects of advanced materials in the fields of science, engineering and medicine into a single and unique reference source. SAM provides the means for materials scientists, chemists, physicists, biologists, engineers, ceramicists, metallurgists, theoreticians and technocrats to publish original research articles as reviews with author's photo and short biography, full research articles and communications of important new scientific and technological findings, encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all latest aspects of advanced materials.
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