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Correlations Between Morphology and Photoelectrical Properties of Single-Crystal Rutile TiO2 Nanorods

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Oriented single-crystal rutile TiO2 nanorod arrays were grown directly on transparent conductive fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) substrates through a facile hydrothermal method with different growth times and temperatures. It was found that reaction temperature significantly affected morphology, crystallinity, and photoelectrical performance of TiO2, while growth time demonstrated less influence. Under the irradiation, short-circuit photocurrent density of TiO2 increased along with the reaction temperature until nanorod aggregation arose and the optimal value reached to 0.91 mA/cm2 at 180 °C. In UV-visible diffuse reflectance spectrum and external quantum efficiency (EQE) measurements, red shifts appeared with the increase of growth time and temperature, which can be ascribed to the improvement of rutile crystallinity. Furthermore, it was for the first time proved that sintering treatment didn't improve the crystallinity of TiO2 on FTO substrata. The highest photocurrent density of 3.36 mA/cm2 and EQE value of 22.2% appeared after sintering at 300 °C, while the decay at high temperatures may be caused by the aggregation and fracture of the nanorods, consistent with the effects of reaction temperature. In summary, long, oriented, and separated TiO2 nanorods with the elimination of organic titanium precursor on their surface demonstrate highly efficient photoelectrical characteristics.
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Keywords: CRYSTALLINITY; DIAMETER; LENGTH; PHOTOELECTRICAL CONVERSION; TIO2 NANOROD ARRAY

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2013

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  • Science of Advanced Materials (SAM) is an interdisciplinary peer-reviewed journal consolidating research activities in all aspects of advanced materials in the fields of science, engineering and medicine into a single and unique reference source. SAM provides the means for materials scientists, chemists, physicists, biologists, engineers, ceramicists, metallurgists, theoreticians and technocrats to publish original research articles as reviews with author's photo and short biography, full research articles and communications of important new scientific and technological findings, encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all latest aspects of advanced materials.
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