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CrCl3 · 6H2O and Boric Acid as a New Catalytic System: Enhanced 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural Production from Cellulose Under Milder Conditions

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Here, we present a new catalytic system to produce 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) from cellulose under milder conditions (<140 °C). A high 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) yield of 45 mol% was achieved by direct hydrolysis, isomerization, and dehydration of cellulose in [BMIM]Cl at 120 °C for 2 h with the presence of CrCl3 · 6H2O as the catalyst. The optimized ratio of CrCl3 · 6H2O/boric acid was determined to be 10/50 mol% based on cellulose loading. We also found that when the reaction time was increased it would reduce HMF production and lead to the formation of levulinic acid and formic acid.
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Keywords: 5-HYDROXYMETHYLFURFURAL (HMF); CELLULOSE; CHROMIUM CHLORIDE; IONIC LIQUIDS

Document Type: Short Communication

Publication date: March 1, 2016

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  • Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Letters (NNL) is a multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal consolidating nanoscale research activities in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine into a single and unique reference source. NNL provides the means for scientists, engineers, medical experts and technocrats to publish original short research articles as communications/letters of important new scientific and technological findings, encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of the physical sciences, engineering and medicine.
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