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Fabrication of Poly(vinyl alcohol)/Cellulose Nanofiber Derivative from Kenaf Bast Fiber via Electrospinning

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Kenaf has been interested as a reinforcing filler to improve the mechanical properties of polymer. Fabrication of Kenaf nanofiber is intended to broaden its scope and applications. However, its fabrication into nanofibers by electrospinning is difficult due to solubility problem. To improve the solubility, Kenaf was modified with carboxymethylation, which is confirmed by FTIR. The resultant polymer can be dissolved in N-methyl morpholine-N-Oxide (NMMO)/water co-solvent. Electrospinning conditions were also optimized for fabrication of PVA/Kenaf CMC nanofibers and it is the first time to fabricate nanofiber form Kenaf. The samples were characterized by SEM, FTIR and optical microscopy analysis.
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Document Type: Short Communication

Publication date: February 1, 2016

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  • Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Letters (NNL) is a multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal consolidating nanoscale research activities in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine into a single and unique reference source. NNL provides the means for scientists, engineers, medical experts and technocrats to publish original short research articles as communications/letters of important new scientific and technological findings, encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of the physical sciences, engineering and medicine.
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