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Mössbauer Spectra and Crystallite Size Related Magnetic/Electric Properties of Yb Substituted Zn-Ferrite Nanoparticles

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Influence of thermal-annealing-controlled crystallite size on the magnetic/electric properties of Yb substituted Zn-ferrite nanoparticles (ZnFe1.95Yb0.05O4) is studied, and results of the analysis are presented here. Room temperature Mössbauer spectrum of as-prepared sample shows coexistence of the sextet/doublet structure due to the particle size distribution. The central doublet originating from superparamagnetic relaxations of smaller particles is found to constitute the major fraction of the 57Fe signal in samples obtained by thermal annealing of as-prepared sample at various temperatures in 300 °C–800 °C range. The determined quadrupole splitting (QS) parameters are significantly higher compared to corresponding bulk counterpart value and display decreasing trend with the crystallite size increase. The ∼29 nm-sample, obtained by annealing at 800 °C, shows bulk-like properties, both in terms of the observed QS value and observed distribution of iron ions within the spinel lattice. Electric resistivity has non-monotonic dependence on crystallite-size, which could be attributed to enhanced disorder in as-prepared material. Partial substitution of iron by ytterbium in Zn-ferrite is found to increase the dielectric constant.
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Keywords: ELECTRIC PROPERTIES; FERRITES; MÖSSBAUER SPECTROSCOPY; NANOPARTICLES

Document Type: Short Communication

Publication date: April 1, 2014

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  • Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Letters (NNL) is a multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal consolidating nanoscale research activities in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine into a single and unique reference source. NNL provides the means for scientists, engineers, medical experts and technocrats to publish original short research articles as communications/letters of important new scientific and technological findings, encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of the physical sciences, engineering and medicine.
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