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Structure and Electrophysical Properties of Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube/Polymethylmethacrylate Composites Prepared via Coagulation Technique

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This paper considers the formation of the conductive network in the composite system of multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWNT) and polymethylmetacrylate (PMMA) produced via coagulation technique. All stages of formation of uniform composite materials with high state of MWNT dispersion were characterized with optical microscopy, TEM, SEM along with conductivity measurements. The key stage is the formation of precipitate of polymer on the surface of MWNTs suspended in suitable solvent which provides effective wetting of MWNT surface with polymer and formation of the “polymer-NT” interface. This precipitate (powder) was used to produce composite film, which electrophysical properties were characterized with four-probe electrical conductivity measurements and by broadband dielectric spectroscopy (20 Hz–1 MHz). Both static and low-frequency analysis demonstrate low percolation threshold (lower than 1 wt%) for the produced MWNT/polymethylmetacrylate composites, whereas a much higher MWNT concentration (3∼4 wt%) is needed to form a conductive network for the composite films produced by other methods, such as extrusion or solvent cast technique.
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Document Type: Short Communication

Publication date: February 1, 2011

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  • Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Letters (NNL) is a multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal consolidating nanoscale research activities in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine into a single and unique reference source. NNL provides the means for scientists, engineers, medical experts and technocrats to publish original short research articles as communications/letters of important new scientific and technological findings, encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of the physical sciences, engineering and medicine.
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