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Synthesis of Stacked-Cup Carbon Nanotubes in a Metal Free Low Temperature System

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Stacked-cup carbon nanotubes were formed by either Fischer–Tropsch type or Haber-Bosch type reactions in a metal free system. Graphite particles were used as the catalyst. The samples were heated at 600 °C in a gas mixture of CO 75 Torr, N2 75 Torr and H2 550 Torr for three days. Transmission electron microscope analysis of the catalyst surface at the completion of the experiment recognized the growth of nanotubes. They were 10–50 nm in diameter and ∼1 m in length. They had a hollow channel of 5–20 nm in the center. The nanotubes may have grown on graphite surfaces by the CO disproportionation reaction and the surface tension of the carbon nucleus may have determined the diameter. Although, generally, the diameter of a carbon nanotube depends on the size of the catalytic particles, the diameter of the nanotubes on graphite particles was independent of the particle size and significantly confined within a narrow range compared with that produced using catalytic amorphous iron-silicate nanoparticles. Therefore, they must have an unknown formation process that is different than the generally accepted mechanism.
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Keywords: ELECTRON MICROSCOPES; FISCHER–TROPSCH TYPE REACTION; NANOTUBE

Document Type: Short Communication

Publication date: February 1, 2011

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  • Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Letters (NNL) is a multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal consolidating nanoscale research activities in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine into a single and unique reference source. NNL provides the means for scientists, engineers, medical experts and technocrats to publish original short research articles as communications/letters of important new scientific and technological findings, encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of the physical sciences, engineering and medicine.
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