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Open Access Superoleophilic polyurethane sponge for highly efficient oil/water separation

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A superoleophilic polyurethane sponge had been constructed by means of an immersion method in an ethanol solution of n-octadecyltrichlorosilane. SEM, FTIR, TGA, and XPS unanimously confirmed that PODS had been successfully coated onto the skeleton of polyurethane sponge. The PODS-modified sponge displayed both excellent hydrophobicity with high water contact angle of 152° and good oil affinity. The PODS-modified sponge took the high adsorptive capabilities for the silicone oil, toluene, and peanut oil with 62.1, 73.7, and 98.2 g · g–1 after 50 cycles of extrusion-release, respectively. The superoleophilic sponge in this work exhibited promising opportunities on the oil/water separation and the oil spill remediation.

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Keywords: ADSORPTIVE CAPACITY; OIL/WATER SEPARATION; POLYCONDENSATION; POLYURETHANE SPONGE; SUPEROLEOPHILIC

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 2020

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  • Materials Express is a peer-reviewed multidisciplinary journal reporting emerging researches on materials science, engineering, technology and biology. Cutting-edge researches on the synthesis, characterization, properties, and applications of a very wide range of materials are covered for broad readership; from physical sciences to life sciences. In particular, the journal aims to report advanced materials with interesting electronic, magnetic, optical, mechanical and catalytic properties for industrial applications.
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