Processing of high strength Mg–9Gd–3Nd–1Sn–1Zn–0.6Zr alloy by hot rolling and subsequent aging
Magnesium alloy plates can be strengthened by rolling, however, it is easy to crack or even break when the reduction of Mg–RE alloys is too large. Herein, the strengthening mechanical of the Mg–9Gd–3Nd–1Sn–1Zn– 0.6Zr alloy under different treatment conditions were investigated after hot-rolling to 80% reduction in thickness (0.8 mm) by multi-step methods. Furthermore, the rolled alloy by aging strengthening are explored. The results show that the hot-rolled alloy with 80% reduction are basically composed of dynamically recrystallized grains with the size of about 60 m, improving the mechanical properties significantly. The precipitates within grains undergo SSSS→ β″ → β′ phase transformation with the aging treatment up to 200 °C. Fine β″ precipitates were found in the grains of the rolled alloy under aged time (2 h), while β″ precipitates changed into β′ phase when the aging time was extended to 32 h. The base phase which is perpendicular to phase was precipitated in the alloy in longer aging time (96 h). In addition, the thickness of precipitates and precipitation-free zone (PFZ) at the grain boundary gradually increased as the time went on. Meanwhile, the discontinuous equilibrium phases at the grain boundary are gradually become continuous. The ultimate tensile strength and hardness were reached to 431.14 MPa, 105.9 HV at peak-aging, in addition, the elongation is reached to 3.11%, respectively. The formation of crack sources is due to the stress concentration between the brittle PFZ and the magnesium matrix, which leads to the decrease of ductility.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: July 1, 2020
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