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Open Access Effect of siRNA interference of ubiquitin-specific protease 9X on apoptosis and growth of diffuse large B cell lymphoma cell line

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Ubiquitin-specific protease 9X (USP9X) is crucial in the diagnosis and treatment of many tumor types, but its role in Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL) has not been determined. The current study aimed to examine the effects of RNA interference on USP9X expression, and subsequently on the bioactivity of DLBCL Farage and Pfeiffer cells. There were two groups in the study: USP9X-siRNA and NC. USP9X siRNA was transiently transferred into DLBCL cells by Cationic liposome. The total RNA was extracted using Fe2O3 and was retrieved into the DNA using the MagBeads Total RNA Extraction Kit. The protein expression of USP9X in Farage, Pfeiffer, and normal human B cell line at the cellular level was observed by Western blot. The Farage and Pfeiffer cells were infected with USP9X-siRNA. Cell apoptosis and cell growth viability were analyzed by flow cytometry and CCK8, Mcl-1 protein, a potential target of USP9X, and apoptosis factor proteins (such as Bak, Cytochrome C, Caspase 3, Caspase 8, PARP) were detected by Western blot after siRNA interference. The results showed that the protein expression of USP9X in malignant B cells was four times higher than that of the normal B cells. Inhibition of USP9X reduced the Mcl-1 activity, and increased the caspase-3, Bak and Cytochrome C activity. In the malignant B cells, Mcl-1 and Bak were binding in vivo; Bak was a new partner of Mcl-1. Inhibition of USP9X reduced cell proliferation and increased apoptosis. The expression of USP9X is upregulated in Diffuse large B cell lymphoma cells, Farage, and Pfeiffer. Inhibition expression of USP9X may induce cell apoptosis, inhibit cell growth, and downregulate Mcl-1 protein expression in Diffuse large B cell lymphoma cells, Farage, and Pfeiffer. USP9X has the ability in regulating cell apoptosis.
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Keywords: Cell Apoptosis; Cell Viability; DLBCL; Mcl-1; USP9X

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Oncology, Hunan Provincial People’s Hospital, the First Affiliated Hospital of Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410008, Hunan, PR China 2: Department of Oncology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410008, Hunan, PR China

Publication date: March 1, 2020

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