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Open Access Hydration and microstructure of concrete containing high volume lithium slag

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Due to requirements for environmental protection, saving of resources and sustainable construction in the future, investigation on the use of high volume mineral admixtures as supplementary cementitious materials in concrete was carried out in this study. The effect of high volume lithium slag (LS) to partially replace cement by weight on compressive strengths of concrete was experimentally investigated, and the hydration of hardened paste was measured by non-evaporable water. Moreover, the microstructure of concrete was determined by mercury intrusion porosimetry and scanning electron microscope methods. Results showed that the use of high volume LS reduced compressive strengths of concrete at early ages, and compressive strengths were remarkably improved at later ages, with concrete containing 40% LS being close to that of the control concrete. Hydration of hardened paste showed similar variation trends with compressive strengths. The highvolume LS degraded concrete microstructure at early ages, and 40% LS improved concrete microstructure at the later ages, due to the filling effect and pozzolanic reaction of LS. However, there still existed defects in microstructure of concrete containing 60% LS, with increased harmful porosity, especially interfacial transition zone.
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Keywords: Compressive Strength; Concrete; Hydration; Lithium Slag; Microstructure

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: College of Civil Engineering, Shaoxing University, Shaoxing 312000, China 2: School of Civil Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410075, China

Publication date: March 1, 2020

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  • Materials Express is a peer-reviewed multidisciplinary journal reporting emerging researches on materials science, engineering, technology and biology. Cutting-edge researches on the synthesis, characterization, properties, and applications of a very wide range of materials are covered for broad readership; from physical sciences to life sciences. In particular, the journal aims to report advanced materials with interesting electronic, magnetic, optical, mechanical and catalytic properties for industrial applications.
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