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Open Access Three-dimensional porous nanocomposite of highly dispersed Fe3 O4 nanoparticles on carbon nanofibers for high-performance microwave absorbents

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A novel cost-effective three-dimensional (3D) porous nanocomposite of bacterial cellulose (BC) derived carbon nanofibers anchored with highly dispersed Fe3 O4 nanoparticles was synthesized via a facile pyrolysis of BC (PBC) and subsequent in situ precipitation of Fe3 O4 on PBC nanofibers. The morphology, structure, and electromagnetic properties of PBC/Fe3 O4 nanocomposite were investigated. It is found that the Fe3 O4 nanoparticles with a size of only about 5.4 ± 0.7 nm are highly dispersed on the surface of PBC nanofibers after surface oxidization. The PBC/Fe3 O4 nanocomposite exhibits extraordinary microwave absorption properties with a minimum reflection loss (RL) of 62.1 dB at 9.12 GHz with a thickness of 3.4 mm. Furthermore, the bandwidth of RL less than –10 dB can reach 5.92 GHz with a matching thickness of 2.5 mm. It is believed that this PBC/Fe3 O4 nanocomposite promises great potential as an ideal high-performance microwave absorption material of low cost, light weight, small thickness, high microwave absorption intensity, and wide absorption band.

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Keywords: BACTERIAL CELLULOSE; CARBON NANOFIBER; FE3 O4; MICROWAVE ABSORPTION PROPERTIES; POROUS MATERIALS

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 2015

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  • Materials Express is a peer-reviewed multidisciplinary journal reporting emerging researches on materials science, engineering, technology and biology. Cutting-edge researches on the synthesis, characterization, properties, and applications of a very wide range of materials are covered for broad readership; from physical sciences to life sciences. In particular, the journal aims to report advanced materials with interesting electronic, magnetic, optical, mechanical and catalytic properties for industrial applications.
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