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Effect of Viscous Dissipation and Joule Heating on Three-Dimensional Mixed Convection Flow of Nano Fluid Over a Non-Linear Stretching Sheet in Presence of Solar Radiation

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The present exploration deals the study of viscous dissipation and Joule heating effects on three-dimensional flow and heat transfer of nanofluid over a nonlinear stretching sheet. The fluid is assumed to be electrically conducting and the flow is persuaded by a stretching of an elastic sheet in two lateral directions. The governing partial differential equations are reduced to a set of nonlinear ordinary differential equations by applying the suitable similarity transformations. The so obtained similarity equations are solved by employing the fourth-fifth order Runge-Kutta-Fehlberg method. The impact of various pertinent parameters on the velocities, temperature, skin friction coefficients and Nusselt number are computed and illustrations are provided by the inclusion of figures and tables. The present results have an excellent agreement with previously published results in a limiting sense. It is found that the heat transfer rate increases when radiation parameter is increased and the effect of nanoparticle volume fraction and thermal radiation stabilizes the thermal boundary layer growth.
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Keywords: JOULE HEATING; MIXED CONVECTION; NANOFLUID; NONLINEARLY STRETCHING SHEET; THERMAL RADIATION; THREE-DIMENSIONAL FLOW

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 2017

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  • Journal of Nanofluids (JON) is an international multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal covering a wide range of research topics in the field of nanofluids and fluid science. It is an ideal and unique reference source for scientists and engineers working in this important and emerging research field of science, engineering and technology. The journal publishes full research papers, review articles with author's photo and short biography, and communications of important new findings encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all aspects of science and engineering of nanofluids and fluid science related developing technologies.
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