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A Low-Power High-Efficiency Inductive Link Power Supply for Neural Recording and Stimulation System-on-Chip

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In this paper, a low-power high-efficiency inductive link power supply (ILPS) for neural recording and stimulation system-on-chip (SoC) is proposed that delivers 24 mW with 82% power conversion efficiency (PCE). The proposed CMOS power regulator is composed of a self-startup active voltage doubler rectifier (AVD) and a self-biased low dropout regulator (LDO). In addition, a modified low-power self-startup bandgap reference (BGR) circuit is utilized with dual-supply voltages to bias both the LDO circuit and the neural recording and stimulation SoC. The PCE of the AVD is improved through an on-chip calibration comparator for timing control. A prototype of the proposed ILPS is implemented using UMC 0.13 μm CMOS technology where the active implementation area is 0.06 mm2. Using 2 V IN,peak at 13.56 MHz, a low-power ILPS is implemented to supply the proposed SoC by 1.2 V and achieve a high-power supply rejection ratio (PSRR) of –20 dB at 20 MHz. Finally, the overall quiescent current of the proposed ILPS from the AVD output and the low dropout regulator (LDO) output equal 7.5 μA and 8.5 μA, respectively.
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Keywords: ACTIVE VOLTAGE DOUBLER; BANDGAP; BIOMEDICAL IMPLANTS; ENERGY EFFICIENT PLATFORMS; INDUCTIVE LINK; LOW-DROPOUT REGULATOR; LOW-POWER; SELF-BIASED; SELF-STARTUP; WIRELESS POWERING; ZERO-POWER STARTUP

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2018

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  • The electronic systems that can operate with very low power are of great technological interest. The growing research activity in the field of low power electronics requires a forum for rapid dissemination of important results: Journal of Low Power Electronics (JOLPE) is that international forum which offers scientists and engineers timely, peer-reviewed research in this field.
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