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Synthesis and In-Vitro Analysis of Degradative Resistance of a Novel Bioactive Composite

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The biostability of the polymer is one of the critical parameter to use them for biomaterial application. Polyurethane being one of the most compliant polymer but there are concerns regarding its resistance to degradation, particularly from hydrolysis and oxidation. The aim of this study is to synthesise a novel bioactive composite by creating a covalent linkage between polyurethane and nano-apatites and to analyse the in-vitro hydrolytic degradation of a series of newly synthesised polyurethane (PU) and polyurethane/nano-hydroxyapatite (PU/n-HA) composites. Nano-apatite powder was produced through sol–gel technique. A novel polyurethane composite material was prepared by chemically bonding the n-HA to the diisocyanate component in the polyurethane backbone by utilising solvent polymerisation. The concentration of nano-apatite was 5, 10, 15 and 20% wt/wt in polyurethane. Hydrolytic degradation of the PU and PU/n-HA composites were carried out both in deionised water and in phosphate buffer solution (PBS) having (pH 7.4) at 37 °C for a predetermined time interval of 90 days. The PU and PU/n-HA composites were physically and chemically characterised by using contact angle measurement, weight loss, Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy couples with Photoacoustic Sampling Cell (FTIR-PAS), Raman Spectroscopy, X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM). These characterisations showed that with the addition of n-HA the composite exhibits hydrophobic behaviour and degradation rate reduces due to covalent linkage between n-HA and PU. Hence it has been concluded that the degradation rate of the newly developed PU/n-HA composites can be controlled, which helps in tailor making the biomaterial for specific applications.
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Keywords: BIOACTIVE NANO-COMPOSITES; DEGRADATION; FTIR; HYDROXYAPATITE; POLYURETHANES; RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2008

More about this publication?
  • Bionanoscience attempts to harness various functions of biological macromolecules and integrate them with engineering for technological applications. It is based on a bottom-up approach and encompasses structural biology, biomacromolecular engineering, material science, and engineering, extending the horizon of material science. The journal aims at publication of (i) Letters (ii) Reviews (3) Concepts (4) Rapid communications (5) Research papers (6) Book reviews (7) Conference announcements in the interface between chemistry, physics, biology, material science, and technology. The use of biological macromolecules as sensors, biomaterials, information storage devices, biomolecular arrays, molecular machines is significantly increasing. The traditional disciplines of chemistry, physics, and biology are overlapping and coalescing with nanoscale science and technology. Currently research in this area is scattered in different journals and this journal seeks to bring them under a single umbrella to ensure highest quality peer-reviewed research for rapid dissemination in areas that are in the forefront of science and technology which is witnessing phenomenal and accelerated growth.
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