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Enhanced DNA Separation Rates in Nano-Platinum Doped Agarose

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In this work, nanoparticle-doped matrices for DNA separation at low voltages are described. High conductivity agarose gels doped with platinum nano-particles have been synthesized and characterized by TEM, EDS and SEM. This new doping technique for agarose gels enhances the dielectric constant of the gels by up to 1.5 folds as compared to undoped gel, decreases the resistance (from 97 ohms to about 60 ohms) and increases DNA mobility by 1.5 times (from 6.6 × 10−5 cm2/V · sec to 9.3 × 10−5 cm2/V · sec) at lower operating electric fields (8 V/cm). We believe that the faster movement of DNA arises from an increased dielectric constant and a reduced resistance of the doped material resulting in increased ionic mobility. Using image analysis tools, we have also observed that there is no band broadening effects in the platinum doped gel sample, which indicate no appreciable temperature rise due to incorporation of platinum nanoparticles in agarose gel.
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Keywords: DIELECTRIC; DNA; ELECTROPHORESIS; MOBILITY; NANOTECHNOLOGY

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2008

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  • Bionanoscience attempts to harness various functions of biological macromolecules and integrate them with engineering for technological applications. It is based on a bottom-up approach and encompasses structural biology, biomacromolecular engineering, material science, and engineering, extending the horizon of material science. The journal aims at publication of (i) Letters (ii) Reviews (3) Concepts (4) Rapid communications (5) Research papers (6) Book reviews (7) Conference announcements in the interface between chemistry, physics, biology, material science, and technology. The use of biological macromolecules as sensors, biomaterials, information storage devices, biomolecular arrays, molecular machines is significantly increasing. The traditional disciplines of chemistry, physics, and biology are overlapping and coalescing with nanoscale science and technology. Currently research in this area is scattered in different journals and this journal seeks to bring them under a single umbrella to ensure highest quality peer-reviewed research for rapid dissemination in areas that are in the forefront of science and technology which is witnessing phenomenal and accelerated growth.
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