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Fabrication and Comparison of Self-Organized Ag and Au Nanodots on Ti/MgO(001) Substrates

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We analyze and compare the differences in the dewetting phenomena and crystal structure between Ag(5.0 nm) and Au(5.0 nm) layers deposited on a Ti(1.0 nm) seed layer coated onto a MgO(001) substrate. The samples are deposited at room temperature and annealed at 350–450 °C for 5 h. The surfaces of both Ag/Ti and Au/Ti films exhibit a completely separated island structure, subsequently leading to the formation of a nanodot array after annealing. Based on atomic force microscopy (AFM) analysis, we conclude that the dewetting progression speed of Ag/Ti films is higher than that of Au/Ti films. Based on X-ray diffraction (XRD) results, the Ti thin film acts as a seed layer, assisting the epitaxial growth of fcc-Ag(001) nanodots on the MgO(001) substrate, whereas in the case of Au/Ti, the Au layer grows non-epitaxially on the MgO(001) substrate, which is related to the difference in the surface energies of Ag and Au. Furthermore, the optical absorbance spectra of the self-organized Ag and Au nanodots with the Ti seed layer are obtained in the visible light range and the optical properties of Ag and Au nanodots are compared.
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Keywords: Ag/Ti; Au/Ti; Dewetting; Nanodot; Seed Layer

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Electronic Materials Engineering, Kwangwoon University, Seoul 01897, Korea 2: School of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Jung-Ang University, Seoul 06974, Korea 3: Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 153-8505, Japan

Publication date: May 1, 2020

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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