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The Detection of a Fluorescent Dye by Surface-Enhanced Fluorescence with the Addition of Silver Nanoparticles and Its Application for the Space Station

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Surface-enhanced fluorescence detection has large potential for detecting many chemical and biological trace analytes. This paper presents a novel method for preparing silver nanomaterials in microfluidic chip channels for the surface-enhanced fluorescence detection of fluorescent dye (SYBR Green I) molecules. Microfluidic chip channels were fabricated by a 248-nm excimer laser. Silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) were prepared inside the microfluidic chip channels by directly heating the silver precursor solution. The influence of different temperatures on the sizes of the silver nanoparticles was studied. Then, the surface-enhanced fluorescence technology based on the microfluidic system was used to detect the fluorescent dye molecules. As a result, the fluorescence signal of the fluorescent dye molecules was significantly enhanced by the silver nanoparticles. In addition, the effect of particle size on the fluorescence signal was studied. This simple and fast method is suitable for a fluorescent PCR (polymerase chain reaction) system and has good application prospects for detecting harmful microorganisms in a spacecraft.
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Keywords: Polymerase Chain Reaction; SYBR Green I; Silver Nanoparticles; Surface-Enhanced Fluorescence

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Institute of Laser Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China 2: State Key Laboratory of Space Medicine Fundamentals and Application, Chinese Astronaut Science Researching and Training Center, Beijing 100094, China

Publication date: May 1, 2020

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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