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Facile Synthesis of Bio-Templated Tubular Co3O4 Microstructure and Its Electrochemical Performance in Aqueous Electrolytes

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Template-assisted facile synthesis of tubular Co3O4 microstructures and its electrochemical performance was studied to understand its use as a potential electrode material for supercapacitors. Tubular porous Co3O4 microstructures were synthesized using cotton fibers as bio-template. The as-obtained templated Co3O4 structure inherits the morphology and microstructure of cotton fiber. The electrochemical performance of the electrode made up of tubular Co3O4 structure was evaluated in 3 M KOH, NaOH, and LiOH aqueous electrolytes. The large-surface-area of tubular Co3O4 microstructure has a noticeable pseudocapacitive performance with a capacitance of 401 F/g at 1 A/g and 828 F/g at 2 mV/s, a Coulombic efficiency averaging ~100%, and excellent cycling stability with capacitance retention of about 80% after 5,000 cycles. Overall, the tubular Co3O4 microstructure displayed superior electrochemical performance in 3 M KOH electrolyte with peak power density reaching 5,500 W/kg and energy density exceeding 22 Wh/kg. The superior performance of tubular Co3O4 microstructure electrode is attributed to its high surface area and adequate pore volume distribution, which allows effective redox reaction and diffusion of hydrated ions. The facile synthesis method can be adapted for preparing various metal oxide microstructures for possible applications in catalysis, electrochemical, sensors, and fuel cells applications.
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Keywords: Biotemplated; Co3O4; Electrochemistry; Specific Capacitance; Supercapacitance

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Physics and Materials Science, The University of Memphis, Memphis 38152, TN, USA 2: Department of Chemistry, Pittsburg State University, Pittsburg 66762, KS, USA 3: Department of Engineering Technology, The University of Memphis, Memphis 38152, TN, USA

Publication date: May 1, 2020

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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