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Morphology Dependent Photocatalytic Activity of CuO/CuO–TiO2 Nanocatalyst for Degradation of Methyl Orange Under Sunlight

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CuO nanoparticles have been extensively used as a photocatalyst because of their superior activity, selectivity and stability properties. The catalytic efficiency of these oxide nanoparticles can be improved by varying the size and shape of nanoparticles. Here, we report the synthesis of different shaped CuO nanoparticles and their impregnation on TiO2. Optical analysis revealed that a considerable red shift (420 nm to 550 nm) in absorption spectra of CuO–TiO2 nanocomposites was observed compared to bare CuO nanoparticles. DLS measurements showed that the average hydrodynamic size of CuO nanostars was increased from 160 nm to 584 nm after deposition on TiO2. These nanocomposites were examined for photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange under sunlight radiation. It was observed that CuO–TiO2 nanostars exhibited superior photocatalytic efficiency compared to CuO-nanoneedles, nanocrumbles and bare CuO nanoparticles. The CuO nanoparticles act as co-catalyst on the surface of TiO2 and alter the physicochemical properties of TiO2. The higher activity arises due to the fact that the doping of CuO reduces the recombination of charge carries (e −h +) and creates the intra-gap states which result in higher absorption of light radiations. Therefore, CuO nanoparticles impregnated on TiO2 found to be an effective and ideal catalyst for the photodegradation of methyl orange dye.
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Keywords: CuO Nanoparticles; CuO–TiO2 Nanocomposites; Photodegradation of Methyl Orange; Shape-Dependent Photoactivity

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology, Patiala 147004, India 2: Department of Civil and Environment Engineering, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong, 999077, China

Publication date: May 1, 2020

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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