Frequency Dependent Charge Transport and Spin State Switching Characteristics of Fe(phen)2(NCS)2 in Polymer
We report on the bistability in spin states of spin crossover (SCO) compound Fe(phen)2(NCS)2 in polymer (polypyrrole) by frequency (1–100 kHz) and temperature dependent (305–457 K) electrical conductivity measurements. The structure and growth of SCO compounds in conducting polymer are obtained by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and optical absorption measurements. The thermal dependence of ac conductivity σ(ω) shows the clear formation of a hysteresis loop in its cooling and heating cycle due to the difference in conductivity in high spin and low spin state. The size, shape and width of the hysteresis loops are found to be critically dependent on the applied frequency and/or the ratio between SCO and polymer. The ac conductivity is found to exhibit a dispersive behavior following Jonscher’s law: σ(ω) ∝ ω n below a critical frequency ω c , above which it is found to monotonically decrease with increasing frequency. The thermal dependence of the exponent n and ω c is also explored. The charge transport phenomena are explained in the framework of hopping of charge carriers. The data reveals that addition of polymer can play an important role to tune the conductivity of SCO compounds and its spin state dependence characteristics which may be quite helpful for fabricating future spin-based devices. Temperature dependent magnetic susceptibility measurement also confirms the spin transition behavior of the SCO/ppy composite samples. These SCO/ppy composite samples can be taken as the reliable nanomaterials fabricated with the concept of future spin based nanoarchitectonics.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Physics, Visva-Bharati, Santiniketan 731235, India 2: Department of Physics, Midnapore College, Midnapore 721101, India
Publication date: May 1, 2020
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