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Recent Progress in Electrode Materials for Nonaqueous Lithium-Ion Capacitors

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As a new type of energy-storage devices, lithium-ion capacitors (LICs) are designed to deliver high energy densities, high power densities, and long lifespan by integrating the battery-type anodes and capacitor-type cathodes. Achieving high energy and power density simultaneously is the challenge of LICs, which is mainly determined by the cathode and anode materials. In this mini-review, basing on the working principles of LICs, we discuss the categories and electrochemical performance as well as the matching strategies of the cathodes and anodes. In anodes, we focus on summarizing the structural design of the prelithiation transition-metal compounds based materials. In cathodes, we emphasize discussing the fabrication and morphology adjustment of the low dimensional carbon materials. Finally, the prospects and challenges confronting future research and development of LICs are provided.
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Keywords: Anode; Cathode; Electrode Matching; Lithium-Ion Capacitors; Nanoarchitectonics; Prelithiation

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Institute of Electric Power, North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power, Zhengzhou, Henan, 450000, China 2: Department of Physics, Department of Materials Science & Engineering, and Department of Biomedical Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong, 999077, China 3: Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, 430000, China

Publication date: May 1, 2020

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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