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A Comparative Study of Pressureless Sintered Nanostructured Hydroxyapatite/TiO2 Composites Prepared by Different TiO2 Addition Methods

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Two methods of TiO2 addition were applied to prepare hydroxyapatite/TiO2 (HA/TiO2) composite, i.e., in-situ hydrolysis TiO2 in HA powders (N-HA/TiO2) and mixing commercial nano-sized HA and TiO2 powder (C-HA/TiO2). Effects of TiO2 addition methods and sintering temperatures on phase, microstructure and microhardness were investigated for pressureless sintered HA/TiO2 composites, and pure HA was investigated for comparison. Results show that TiO2 from both in-situ hydrolysis and mixing commercial powder presented similar effects on phase structures and composition, and trended to chemically react with HA in the HA/TiO2 composites at high sintering temperature. Weight loss for different composites was investigated by thermal analysis. Sintering behavior for two different composite was also discussed. The TiO2 from in-situ hydrolysis can effectively enhance the TiO2 distribution and densification for the N-HA/TiO2 composites. Both two different composites showed typical grain growth and pore formation with the increase of sintering temperature. The N-HA/TiO2 composite had a lower porosity, higher shrinkage and microhardness than that of C-HA/TiO2 composite at sintering temperature from 700 °C to 1100 °C.
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Keywords: HA/TiO2 Composite; Microstructure; Phase; Pressureless Sintering; TiO2 Distribution

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Jiangxi Province Engineering Research Center of Materials Surface Enhancing & Remanufacturing, School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Jiujiang University, Jiujiang 332005, China 2: School of Civil Engineering and City Construction, Jiujiang University, Jiujiang 332005, China

Publication date: April 1, 2020

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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