Hollow activated carbon fiber (HACF) with high specific surface area and high charge storage capability was prepared by pre-oxidation, carbonization and KOH-activation from polyacrylonitrile (PAN). HACF was used as self-supported working electrode directly without any binder and conductive
agent. The effect of the activation time on specific surface area of HACF was studied intensively. The results show that the specific surface area of HACF increased with the increase of activation time from 0.5 h to 1.5 h, and then decreased with further increase of activation time. Highest
specific surface area of 1873 m2g−1 and micropore volume of 0.61 cm3g−1 were obtained in HACF activated for 1.5 h. Electrochemical properties of HACF can be improved with increase of activation time, but excessive activation results in
the decrease of specific surface area and increase of internal resistance of HACF. The self-supported electrode of HACF possesses a large specific capacitance of 323 F g−1 at 0.05 A g−1 and 216 F g−1 at 1 A g−1. Therefore,
HACF can be a promising self-supported electrode for high performance supercapacitors.
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Hollow Activated Carbon Fiber;
Document Type: Research Article
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 201804, PR China
Centre for Polymer and Material Technologies, Department of Materials, Textiles and Chemical Engineering, Ghent University, Technologiepark 130, Zwijnaarde, Ghent 9052, Belgium
Publication date: April 1, 2020
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