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Low-k SiCOH Films Deposited with a Single Precursor 1,1,1,3,5,7,7,7 Octamethyl-3,5-Bis(trimethylsiloxy) Tetrasiloxane by Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition

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Low-dielectric-constant SiCOH films were deposited by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition using 1,1,1,3,5,7,7,7-octamethyl-3,5-bis(trimethylsiloxy)tetrasiloxane (OMBTSTS) as a single precursor, and the characteristics were investigated. The relative dielectric constant (k) of the SiCOH films declined gradually from 3.57 to 1.90 with decreasing plasma power. The film with the lowest k, deposited at the lowest power of 10 W, showed the lowest leakage current density, with adequate mechanical strength (hardness: 0.98 GPa and elastic modulus: 8.56 GPa) for application in multilevel semiconductor interconnects. The chemistry of the OMBTSTS films was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy to study the relation between the chemical and dielectric properties. The dielectric properties, such as the k value and leakage current density, could be explained by a quantitative relation between the Si–O stretching bond and hydrocarbon-related bonds, such as CH3 and Si–CH3 bonds, with lower polarizability in the SiCOH film. The refractive index, which is directly linked to the density of the film, was also investigated by ellipsometry. We consider OMBTSTS a promising candidate as a single precursor for fabricating low-k SiCOH films in the plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition system.
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Keywords: Low Dielectric Constant Film; Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition; Plasma Polymerization

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Research and Development TEAM, Applied Materials Korea, Icheon 17379, Republic of Korea 2: Department of Physics, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 16419, Republic of Korea 3: CVD/SPT Team, LG Display, Paju 10845, Republic of Korea 4: Research and Development MI TEAM, SK Hynix, Icheon 17336, Republic of Korea

Publication date: April 1, 2020

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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