The wound of diabetic foot is difficult to heal, and in severe cases, diabetic patients have to undergo limb amputation even after wound management. Hyperglycemia-caused vascular dysfunction and serious wound bacterial infection are the two main causes of unhealed diabetic foot ulcers.
Therefore, it would be of great benefit to rescue stalled healing in diabetic wound if the blood glucose concentration can be efficiently decreased while controlling the bacterial infection in diabetic wound. Herein, we report glucose oxidase (GOx)-loaded antimicrobial peptide hydrogels and
investigate their potential as diabetic wound dressings. The antimicrobial hydrogels are formed by the selfassembly of a heptapeptide (IKYLSVN) driven by intermolecular hydrogen bonding and π–π stacking interaction. The loaded GOx can convert glucose into hydrogen
peroxide (H2O2), thus reducing blood glucose concentration of diabetic patients. At the same time, the produced H2O2 is antimicrobial and can combat bacterial infection in diabetic wound together with the antimicrobial hydrogels. Microscopic morphology
observation of hydrogel shows uniform fibers with approximately 40 nm in size. The embedding rate can still reach 90% when the loading rate of the hydrogel loaded glucose oxidase is 12%. GOx is released by the swelling of the hydrogel based on the mechanism of free diffusion, and the cumulative
release rate reaches 55%. Moreover, in vitro experiments showed that our GOx-loaded peptide hydrogel exhibits outstanding antimicrobial activity while can efficiently reduce glucose concentration of blood samples, showing great potential as promising diabetic wound dressings.
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Glucose Level Reduction;
Document Type: Research Article
School of Pharmaceutical Engineering and Life Science, Changzhou University, Changzhou 213164, China
The Affiliated Changzhou No. 2 People’s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Changzhou 213164, Jiangsu, P. R. China
Publication date: April 1, 2020
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