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Synthesis and Characterization of Gd3+ Doped HfO2 Nanoparticles for Radiotherapy Applications

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Synthesis of pure Hafnium Oxide (HfO2), and HfO2 doped with Gadolinium (1, 3, 5 and 7 mol%) nanoparticles (NPs) had been carried out by Precipitation and co-precipitation method using the precursor solution of Hafnium (IV) chloride (HfCl4) and Gadolinium(III) chloride hexahydrate (GdCl3ยท6H2O) with Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) which was dissolved in deionized water. The synthesized compound was characterized and analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), Energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), UV-visible spectrophotometer, Photoluminescence (PL), Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Raman spectroscopy. The result from X-ray diffraction showed that the Gd3+ concentration for 7 mol% had attended directly crystalline phase of Cubic HfO2 structure. Morphology and element analysis of the samples were analyzed using FESEM and EDX, which indicated cluster formation, fluffy and voids with highly agglomerated particles and EDX exhibited no extra peaks with other than constituent elements present in extrinsic HfO2. From UV Spectra it was observed that the optical band gap of both Intrinsic and extrinsic of HfO2 NPs were found to be 5.74 eV, 3.62 eV, 3.69 eV, 3.78 eV and 4.19 eV. The Photoluminescence Spectra showed the 313 nm emission line which might be due to 6P7/28S7/2 transition and the Raman Spectra clearly represented the monoclinic structure by showing the presence of Ag and Bg Modes and cubic structure because of the presence of F2g mode.
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Keywords: Deconvoluted Photoluminescence; Gd3+:HfO2; Nanoparticles; Optical Characterization; Phase Transformation

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Medical Physics, Anna University, Chennai 600025, India

Publication date: February 1, 2020

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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