Lignocellulosic biomass, principally consisting of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin, is a main renewable source for the production of biofuels and valuable chemicals. For instance, the polyaromatic structure of lignin fraction of biomass makes it a high potential feedstock for the
production of valuable aromatic chemicals such as phenolic compounds. In this work, selective conversion of the organosolv lignin-derived pyrolyzates to alkylphenols was carried out using Ce-MCM-41 as In-Situ catalyst. Catalytic fast pyrolysis of the organosolv lignin was carried out
on a tandem micro-pyrolyzer coupled with gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GC-MS) detectors. The refined pyrolytic vapor was mainly consisting of phenolics (phenol, alkylphenols, guaiacol and alkylguaiacols), monoaromatic hydrocarbons (benzene, toluene and xylenes), esters (formic
acid ethyl ester, acetic acid methyl ester and hexadecanoic acid methyl ester), aldehydes (formaldehyde and methylbenzaldehyde), acids (hydroxyacetic acid and benzoic acids), furans (2-methylfuran and dihydrofuran) and ethanol. Our data showed that the selectivity of products was influenced
by pyrolysis temperature (500, 550 and 600 °C). Maximum selectivity of alkylphenols (10.3%) was obtained at 550 °C. Besides In-Situ pyrolysis of organosolve lignin, the In-Situ upgrading of the cellulose-derived pyrolyzates was carried out using Ce-MCM-41 at 550 °C.
In-Situ pyrolysis of cellulose using Ce-MCM-41 could obtain high selectivity of aldehydes (11.4%), furans (9.6%) and ketones (3.2%).
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Document Type: Research Article
School of Environmental Engineering, University of Seoul, Seoul 02504, Korea
Department of Fine Chemistry, Seoul National University of Science and Technology, Seoul 01811, Korea
Biomass and Waste Energy Laboratory, Korea Institute of Energy Research, Daejeon 34129, Korea
Publication date: February 1, 2019
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