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Bonding Evaluation Between Nanotube by Anodic Oxidation and Machined Dental Titanium Implant in Beagle Dog

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This study is to evaluate the bonding test between nanotube surface and machined dental titanium implant during the clinical procedure in beagle dog. A total of 24 screw-shaped implants (4 mm in diameter and 8.5 mm in length) were used. The implants were classified into 2 groups (n = 12): machined surface (M group) and nano surface which is nanotube formation on the machined surface (MA group). Anodic oxidation was performed at a 20 V for 10 min with 1 M H3PO4 and 1.5 wt% HF solutions. The implant were installed on beagle dog’s humerus. After 4 and 12 weeks later, the beagle dog is sacrificed and the implant were removed with torque force. The removed implant was evaluated by SEM and EDX to observe the implant surface and nanotube’s deformation. By investigating removed implant surfaces using SEM and EDX, M group was partially covered with bone, and MA groups were completely covered with bone. Nanotube was not shown any deformity. It indicated that nanotube showed good bonding stability with dental titanium implant.
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Keywords: Anodic Oxidation; Dental Titanium Implant; Nanotube

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, College of Dentistry, Dental Science Research Institute, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, 61186, Republic of Korea 2: Department of Prosthodontic, College of Dentistry, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, 61186, Republic of Korea 3: College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, 61186, Republic of Korea

Publication date: February 1, 2019

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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