Diffraction optics fabricated from multilayers offer an intriguing alternative to lithography-based zone plates due to their advantages of virtually limitless aspect ratio and extremely small feature size. However, other issues, intrinsic to thin-film deposition, such as film stress
and deposition rate instability, for example, limit the total achievable aperture. Over the last decade, Multilayer Laue Lens (MLLs) have progressed from a mere curiosity with initial aperture sizes in the 3–10 μm range, to real beamline-deployed optics with apertures in the
40–50 μm range (X. Huang, et al., Scientific Reports 3, 3562 (2013); E. Nazaretski, et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85, 033707 (2014); E. Nazaretski, et al., Journal of Synchrotron Radiation 24, 1113 (2017)). By optimizing deposition conditions and incorporating
new materials, MLLs have now broken the 100 μm thickness milestone. A flat WSi2/Al–Si MLL with a deposition thickness of 102 μm, the largest MLL to date, is reviewed. New large aperture wedged MLLs (wMLL), which were first fabricated by APS in 2006 using
the WSi2/Si material system, are presented which demonstrate high focusing efficiency across a broad energy range. These results confirm findings by other groups who have also independently fabricated wMLL (A. J. Morgan, et al., Scientific Reports 5, 9892 (2015); S. Bajt, et al., Nature
Light: Science and Applications 7, 17162 (2017)) based on a similar material system.
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Multilayer Laue Lens;
Document Type: Research Article
National Synchrotron Light Source II, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton NY 11973, USA
Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne IL 60439, USA
January 1, 2019
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