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Preparation and Photocatalytic Activities of Black TiO2 in Vacuum and Ambient Temperature Environment

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The preparation conditions are important for the structure and properties of black TiO2. In this paper, the black rutile TiO2 with a particle size of approximately 5 nm was prepared in vacuum by the infrared nano-second laser sputtering deposition method. The study results indicated that the prepared black TiO2 exhibited high light absorption from UV to near-infrared region. The lattice distortion and Ti3+ were responsible for the upward shift in the valance band, and the oxygen vacancy states were determined to be located about 0.7–1.18 eV under the conduction band, narrowing the band gap of TiO2 from 3.2 eV to 2.1 eV. Although the black TiO2 exhibited strong adsorption effects within the full spectrum and had a higher free carrier density, the presence of excess oxygen defects resulted in a higher recombination rate of the photo electron–hole pairs, which induced a poor photocatalytic performance of the black TiO2. This work facilitates the understanding of the mechanisms mechanism of black TiO2 formation via laser ablation, and emphasized the need for the controllability and quantification of oxygen vacancies.
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Keywords: Black TiO2; Laser Ablation; Oxygen Vacancy; Photocatalytic Activity; Vacuum

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Tianjin Key Laboratory of Composite and Functional Materials, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300350, China 2: Shanghai Institute of Spacecraft Equipment, Shanghai 200240, China

Publication date: January 1, 2019

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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