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Nanostructured Titanium Dioxide Based on Titanium Alloys: Synthesis and Properties

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Titanium dioxide (TiO2) has provoked a significant amount of scientific and technological interest due to their anticipated impact in the fields of photocatalysis, solar cells, lithium-ion battery electrodes, and biomedical devices. This is particularly apparent in the case of anodization and ion implantation for modifying Ti-based alloys. However, the lack of sufficient solar light absorption and limited hole diffusion significantly affect the performance of TiO2 in photocatalysis. Moreover, the biocompatibility and corrosion resistance of Ti-based biomedical device need to be enhanced to achieve a longer service life. In the present review, the MO x prepared by anodization is described first. Then, the electrolyte parameters during anodization are assessed by comparing various electrolytes including ethylene glycol, glycerol, formamide, and aqueous electrolytes. Additionally, the effects of ion implantation on the surface of Ti-based alloy are outlined. By analyzing the impact on various synthetic method and modification strategies of nanostructured TiO2, the essential elements of suitable in situ doping ratio and ion implantation dose are addressed. Finally, the outlook for anodization and ion implantation for constructing nanostructured TiO2 is discussed, highlighting challenges and key areas for future research and development.
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Keywords: Anodization; Biocompatibility; Ion Implantation; TiO2-Based Ti Alloy; Water Splitting

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China; Beijing Advanced Innovation Centre for Biomedical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China

Publication date: January 1, 2019

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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