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Transferrin Adsorbed on PEGylated Gold Nanoparticles and Its Relevance to Targeting Specificity

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Polyethylene glycol (PEG) has been frequently used for surface modification of nanoparticles (NPs) to reduce non-specific binding of proteins on NPs. The investigation of protein absorption on PEGylated nanoparticles is necessary. In the work, the conjugation of transferrin (Tf) to PEGylated AuNPs via adsorption or bonding was studied. The 13 nm AuNPs were coated with various molecular weight (300, 2000, 5000) carboxyl and methoxy PEG thiol. The presence of Tf on PEGylated AuNP was characterized by dynamic light scattering (DLS) and infrared spectroscopy (IR). The data of IR confirmed the presence of Tf on PEGylated AuNPs. The diameter decrease of PEGylated AuNPs after Tf adsorption was observed by DLS measurement, which is attributed to competitive adsorption between Tf and PEG molecules. These phenomena may be important to the preservation of Tf targeting specificity on PEGylated AuNPs.
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Keywords: Adsorption; Gold Nanoparticle; PEGylation; Target Delivery; Transferrin

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: CAS Key Laboratory for Biomedical Effects of Nanomaterials and Nanosafety, National Center for Nanoscience and Technology, Beijing 100190, P. R. China 2: Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

Publication date: August 1, 2018

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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