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Radiosensitization by Liposome-Encapsulated Fullerenes to Mitochondria/DNA-Damages on Human Melanoma Cells

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The polyhydroxy small-gap fullerenes [C120O30(OH)30 · 30H2O · 25Na+: SGFs] were encapsulated in multilamellar liposomes (Lpsm) composed of 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC) and 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho-l-serine (DOPS), which are designated as LpsmSGFs (DOPC/DOPS/SGFs = 35 mM:15 mM:246–445 μM, diameter = 141.2 nm, ζ-potential = −35.65 mV). Radiosensitization by LpsmSGFs under X-ray irradiation was evaluated on human melanoma HMV-II cells. On 7th day after X-ray irradiation, cell proliferation degree assessed by WST-8 decreased more markedly on cells pretreated with LpsmSGFs than Lpsm or free-SGFs. Fluorescent imaging of cells with Rhodamine123, dihydroethidium or anti-8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine antibody was monitored as an indicator for mitochondrial membrane potentials, intracellular superoxide anion radicals (O˙− 2) or oxidative DNA-damages, respectively. After X-ray irradiation, LpsmSGFs obviously exhibited more augmented mitochondrial membrane potentials on perinuclear region of cells than Lpsm or free-SGFs. Without X-ray irradiation, superoxide anion radicals were found principally in the cytoplasm, but, when exposed to X-ray, they were found in cell nuclei associated with oxidative DNA-damages on cells pretreated with LpsmSGFs. Meanwhile, the oxidation-reduction potentials of SGFs aqueous solution increased by X-ray irradiation. These results suggest that LpsmSGFs-mediated generation of reactive oxygen species results in damages to cellular components such as mitochondria and DNA on cells, and thereby cell proliferation decreased. The LpsmSGFs has a potential as a pro-oxidative type radiosensitizer.
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Keywords: Cell Proliferation; Fullerene; Liposome; Melanoma; Radiosensitizer

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Radioisotope Facilities for Medical Science, Advanced Science Research Promotion Center, Mie University, Edobashi 2-174, Tsu, Mie, 514-8507, Japan 2: Department of Liposome Bioengineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Mie University, Kurimamachiya-cho 1577, Tsu, Mie, 514-8507, Japan 3: Prefectural University of Hiroshima, Nanatsuka 562, Shobara, Hiroshima, 727-0023, Japan

Publication date: June 1, 2018

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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