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Conduction Mechanisms in Polyvinyl Alcohol: CdS/CdS:Cu Nanoparticle Hybrid Nanocomposites

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The electrical conduction mechanisms were investigated for the CdS and Cu-doped CdS (CdS:Cu) nanoparticles embedded in polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) (PVA/CdS and PVA/CdS:Cu) nanocomposites; synthesized by the chemical Sol Gel method on indium tin-oxide (ITO) substrate. X-ray diffraction pattern results show that the PVA/CdS nanocomposite is hawleyite-sturcture and PVA/CdS:Cu nanocomposites show greenockite-hawelyite mixed structure. The sizes of CdS and CdS:Cu nanoparticles were estimated from transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images and are ≈4 nm and ≈10 nm respectively; which were formed inside the PVA polymer layer. The devices were fabricated with Ag and ITO as electrodes with PVA/CdS and PVA/CdS:Cu nanocomposites as an active layers. The current–voltage (IV ) relationships measurements shows the nature is extended memrisitve features for both PVA/CdS and PVA/CdS:Cu nanocomposites. The I ON/I OFF ratios are enhanced and become more prominent in case of PVA/CdS:Cu nanocomposites device. The resistive switching characteristic show Schottky, Trapped-charge limited current (TCLC) and Space charge limited conduction (SCLC) mechanisms in Ag/PVA/CdS/ITO device; whereas Schottky, Ohmic, TCLC and SCLC were observed in Ag/PVA/CdS:Cu/ITO device.
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Keywords: Cadmium Sulphide; Conduction Mechanism; Nanocomposites; Resistive Switching

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Physics, College of Science, Engineering and Technology, University of South Africa, Johannesburg, 1710, South Africa

Publication date: 01 February 2018

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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