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Formation of ZnO Nanocrystals and Their In Situ Generation on Textile Material via Solochemical Method

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ZnO nanocrystals were prepared by a rapid and low-cost solochemical method using a heated alkaline solution and a zinc precursor under different temperatures. In addition, In Situ syntheses of ZnO nanostructures on cotton fabrics were also carried out by the solochemical technique at 50 °C and 90 °C. The successful formation of ZnO nanocrystals was confirmed employing X-ray diffraction, Rietveld analyses, transmission electron microscopy, UV-Visible absorption spectroscopy, and Raman spectroscopy. The analysis of the modified textile surface was performed with scanning electron microscope (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). TEM images have shown that with the increase of temperature the ZnO nanocrystals grew smaller and became rounded due to a faster nucleation rate at high temperatures. The TEM analyses also revealed that the amount of zinc has a noteworthy influence on the ZnO nanocrystals formation. Regarding the modified textile samples, SEM photographs revealed that the cotton fibers were covered with ZnO nanostructures, especially the samples immersed into the reactional solution after 1 h (90 °C) and after 2 h (50 °C) of reaction.
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Keywords: Cotton Fabric; Nanocrystals; Solochemical Method; Zinc Oxide

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Laboratório de Materiais e Corrosão, Departamento de Engenharia Química e Engenharia de Alimentos, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia Química, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Campus Universitário, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Caixa Postal 476, 88040-900, Brazil 2: Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Campus Universitário, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, 88040-900, Brazil

Publication date: May 1, 2017

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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